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Step-by-Step Guide to Magento Attributes

December 2, 2019

8 Min Read
magento attributes
Reading Time: 8 minutes

To run a successful Magento store, you have to execute a large number of store functions and Magento attribute is one of them.

The properties of an attribute determine how it can be used in your store’s catalog and how it appears throughout your store. In addition to the basic properties, there are additional properties for drop-down and multiple-select input types, their values, and associated labels.

The title, or label, identifies the attribute in the Admin Area and the storefront. If your store is available in multiple languages, you can enter a different translated label in each language. Attributes can be created with the Manage Attributes tool, and also from inside a product record.

In this guide, I am going to discuss how to create Magento attributes.

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What Are Magento Attributes?

All the listing of a particular Magento product attributes, also known as Magento Attribute set, describes the characteristics and features of the product in detail. Whenever a new product is created, the attributes are set to be unique. This step allows you to import all the information regarding the product in just a single step.

Also, doing so makes products differ from other items on offer. By default, Magento offers a large number of product attributes such as color, size, etc.

I hope now you have a clear idea about the Magento attribute, let’s create Magento attributes.

For Magento 1.x

Create Magento Attributes

To create Magento product attributes, go to Attributes → Manage Attributes from the admin panel of your store:

attributes-manage attributes magento

You will be redirected to the available Magento attributes list. Here, click the Add New Attribute button:

add new attribute magento

Enter the required details for creating the Magento attribute.

Let’s start with Attribute Properties:

attribute properties magento

Before going to the next step, let’s first discuss the fields on the screen:

  • Attribute Code: A unique attribute code of your choice. In my case, I have entered my_new_attribute as the attribute code.
  • Scope: Here you have three options: Store View, Website, Global. Select the one that best fits the attribute usage/visibility.
  • Catalog Input Type for Store Owner: Here you have multiple options. Select the one that best fit your scenario.
  • Default value: Use this field if you want to set a default value for the product that would be tagged by this attribute.
  • Unique Value: Select Yes, if you want to set the condition where each attribute value for the product must be unique.
  • Values Required: Select Yes, if you want to set the condition where the attribute value can’t be empty while creating the product.
  • Input Validation For Store Owner: Use this option if you want to set validation for the attribute field. Popular validation requirements include requiring a decimal number, integer, e-mail, URL, or alphanumeric values.
  • Apply To: Use this option to make the attribute applicable store-wide or to specific products.

Now scroll down and enter the details for your Magento product attribute frontend properties:

frontend properties magento

Before going to the next step, let’s first discuss the fields on the screen:

  • Use in Quick Search: Select Yes, if you want to make attribute value available in the store’s Quick Search option.
  • Use in Advanced Search: Select Yes, if you want to make attribute value available in the store’s Advanced Search option.
  • Comparable on Front-end: Select Yes, if you want to make the attribute visible in the compare box feature.
  • Use in Layered Navigation: Select Yes, if you want to make attribute filterable on the left or right side of a category page.
  • Use in Search Results Layered Navigation: Select Yes, if you want to allow the user to filter search results by using this attribute.
  • Use for Promo Rule Conditions: Select Yes, if you want to create promo rule conditions via the attribute.
  • Position: Set the position of the attribute for layered navigation.
  • Allow HTML Tags on Frontend: Select Yes, if you want to add attribute values that contain HTML tags.
  • Visible on Product View Page on Front-end: Select Yes,  if you want to show the attribute and its value on product pages.
  • Used in Product Listing: Select Yes, if you want to show the attribute on the category page

Now click Manage Label/Options in the left menu bar and then set your attribute labels which you would like to display in your admin panel and store’s frontend.

manage label attribute magento

And now just click Save Attribute at the top of the page:

save attribute magento

You will be redirected to the list of Magento product attributes. As you can see in the following screenshot, the attribute that I just created is visible in the list.

result magento attribute

Now, I will create the Magento attribute set.

Create Magento Attribute Set

Go to Attributes → Manage Attributes Sets in the Admin Panel of your store:

attributes-manage attributes set magento


Here, click  the Add New Set:

add new attribute set magento

Now, set the attribute set name and select the attribute on which you wish to base the attribute set from the Based On dropdown.  When done, click Save Attribute Set:

save attribute set magento

Now you will see that the newly created my_new_attribute is listed under unassigned attributes. Drag it to any assigned attribute group of your choice. Then click Save Attribute Set:

attribute set result magento

It’s time to check if the attribute set has been created properly. For this, go to product creation page, select the newly created attribute My New Attribute Set and click Continue:

attribute verify magento

Here you will see a new field My New Attribute:

attribute verify 2 magento

As you can see, the Magento attribute set has been created and working properly.

For Magento 2.x

Create Magento 2 Attributes

Note: For creating Magento 2 product attributes, I will not discuss each option as its already covered in Magento 1.x process.

Go to STORES → Product from the admin panel of your store.

stores-product attribute magento 2

Then, click Add New Attribute:

add new attribute Magento 2

Here, add the details in Attribute Properties and Advanced Attribute Properties section according to your requirements:

attribute result magento 2

advanced attribute properties magento 2

Now go to the Manage Labels section in the left bar. Set the labels for the Magento 2 attributes:

manage labels attribute magento 2

Then, go to the last section Storefront Properties, and configure it according to your requirements:

storefront properties attributes magento 2

storefront properties 2 attributes magento 2

Finally, click Save Attribute:

save attribute magento 2

You will be redirected to the list of Magento 2 product attributes. In the list, you can see the newly created attribute.

attribute result magento 2

The above screenshot indicates that the Magento 2 Attribute has been created successfully.

Create Magento 2 Attribute Set

Go to STORES → Attribute Set in the admin panel of your store:

stores-attribute set attribute magento 2

Click the Add Attribute Set at the top of the page:

add attribute set magento 2

Add the Magento 2 attribute set details and click Save:

save attribute set magento 2

You can now see the newly created Magento 2 attribute under unassigned attributes. Move it to any assigned attribute group of your choice and click Save:

drag and save attribute set magento 2

To confirm whether you have created the attribute set properly, select the attribute while adding a new product. You will see My New Attribute field:

attribute set result magento 2

As you can see the newly created Magento 2 attribute is available on the page.

Create Magento 2 Product Attribute Programmatically

There are scenarios where you might have to create a custom module in order to create Magento 2 product attribute. To do so, you need to configure and register the module.

Start by configuring the module by creating module.xml file in app/code/Cloudways/Demomodule/etc, and add the following lines to it:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:framework:Module/etc/module.xsd">
    <module name="Cloudways_Demomodule" setup_version="1.0.1"></module>

Next, register the module by creating registration.php in app/code/Cloudways/Demomodule and add the following lines to it:


Create InstallData.php in app/code/Cloudways/Demomodule/Setup to create Magento 2  attribute set and attribute. Add the following lines to the file:


namespace Cloudways\Demomodule\Setup;

use Magento\Eav\Setup\EavSetup; 
use Magento\Eav\Setup\EavSetupFactory;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\InstallDataInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleDataSetupInterface;
use Magento\Catalog\Setup\CategorySetupFactory;
use Magento\Eav\Model\Entity\Attribute\SetFactory as AttributeSetFactory;

class InstallData implements InstallDataInterface

    private $eavSetupFactory;
    private $attributeSetFactory;
    private $attributeSet;
    private $categorySetupFactory;

    public function __construct(EavSetupFactory $eavSetupFactory, AttributeSetFactory $attributeSetFactory, CategorySetupFactory $categorySetupFactory )
            $this->eavSetupFactory = $eavSetupFactory; 
            $this->attributeSetFactory = $attributeSetFactory; 
            $this->categorySetupFactory = $categorySetupFactory; 

    public function install(ModuleDataSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context)


        $categorySetup = $this->categorySetupFactory->create(['setup' => $setup]);
        $attributeSet = $this->attributeSetFactory->create();
        $entityTypeId = $categorySetup->getEntityTypeId(\Magento\Catalog\Model\Product::ENTITY);
        $attributeSetId = $categorySetup->getDefaultAttributeSetId($entityTypeId);
        $data = [

            'attribute_set_name' => 'CloudwaysAttribute', 
            'entity_type_id' => $entityTypeId,
            'sort_order' => 200,



        $eavSetup = $this->eavSetupFactory->create(['setup' => $setup]);




                    'type' => 'varchar',
                    'label' => 'Cloudways Attribute',
                    'backend' => '',
                    'input' => 'text',
                    'wysiwyg_enabled'   => false,
                    'source' => '',
                    'required' => false,
                    'sort_order' => 5,
                    'global' => \Magento\Catalog\Model\ResourceModel\Eav\Attribute::SCOPE_STORE,
                    'used_in_product_listing' => true,
                    'visible_on_front' => true,
                    'attribute_set_id' => 'CloudwaysAttribute',

} ?>

As you can see, in the above code, I have assigned the attribute to the attribute set ‘CloudwaysAttribute’ (created separately). You can use the above code as a template for adding Magento attributes and Magento attribute sets for your store.

Finally, run the following CLI commands in your store’s root directory:

php bin/magento module:enable Cloudways_Demomodule
php bin/magento setup:upgrade
php bin/magento setup:di:compile
php bin/magento cache:clean
php bin/magento cache:flush

To verify the results, go to Magento 2 Attribute Set list by navigating to STORES → Attribute Set and you will see CloudwaysAttribute in the list:

magento 2 custom attribute set list

Go to CloudwaysAttribute, and you will see cloudways_attribute under the assigned attributes:

magento 2 custom attribute set result

Wrapping Up

In this tutorial, I described how you can create product attributes and product attribute sets for both Magento 1 and 2. Additionally, I also presented a simple template to create Magento attributes and Magento product attribute sets via code. If you think I have missed anything that should be covered or you need to clarify a point, do let me know in the comments section below.

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Syed Muneeb Ul Hasan

Syed Muneeb Ul Hasan is a Magento Community Manager at Cloudways - A Managed Magento Hosting Platform. He is an expert in PHP and Magento and prefers to educate users in the implementation of Magento. When not working, he loves to play games and watch cricket.

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