Magento 2 has already created quite a buzz in the ecommerce industry. Online merchants and Store Owners have already started installing and setting up their Ecommerce stores before the holiday season rush. However, sometimes, it becomes hectic to install and manage a store in such a sales spike.
Magento 2 uses Composer to manage its components and their dependencies. Using Magento 2 Composer to get its software metapackage, has the following advantages:
- Reuse third-party libraries without bundling them with Magento 2 source code.
- Reduce extension complexity and compatibility issues by using a component-based architecture with robust dependency management.
- Adhere to PHP-FIG (Framework Interoperability Group) standards.
- Repackage Magento 2 code with other components.
- Use Magento 2 in a production environment.
If you are wondering how you can easily install Magento 2 using Composer, then follow this simple step-by-step guide on installing Magento 2 Composer.
Ready? Let’s begin!
Prepare your server for Magento 2 installation.
Step 1: Login to Cloudways with your Username and Password. Signup on Cloudways, if you don’t have an account yet.
Step 2: After login, create a server and select Magento 2 version from the Select your Application dropdown. Also, provide details for your server and application name.
Step 3: Select the Cloud Provider of your choice. In this tutorial, we are using Amazon AWS.
Step 4: Select Server Size & Bandwidth according to your requirements.
Step 5: Now, select your Server Storage. You can always scale up or down whenever required.
Step 6: Select your server Location by keeping the latency factor in mind.
Now click on Launch Server button from the bottom of the page and wait for your server preparation.
Now go to your application and click on Launch Database Manager under Access Details.
After launching the database manager, select all the tables and click on Drop.
Go to your Server and click on Launch SSH terminal under Master Credentials.
Magento 2 Installation:
In your “public_html” directory run this command to remove all files.
rm -Rf *
Now run the following command to install Magento 2 using composer.
composer create-project --repository-url=https://repo.magento.com/ magento/project-community-edition .
Note: To install Magento 2 in the current directory (e.g., public_html) do not forget to add the (.) dot in the end.
Insert your repo.magento.com username and password. For repo.magento.com username and password, log in to Magento Marketplace and select My Account from the top-right corner. Now click Access Keys and Generate your new SECURE KEYS.
- Public Key: Is your username
- Private Key: Is your password
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After inserting your repo.magento.com username and password, it will ask for store credentials. Type “Yes.”
Magento 2 will now start downloading on your server.
After downloading, it will want your “GitHub OAuth token.”
You have to create it from your GitHub account (github.com). For this, Go to Settings > Personal Access tokens and Generate new Token. Copy the token and provide it to the composer. After inserting “GitHub OAuth token,” you should see the following screen.
Magento 2 is now installed. You now need to set proper permissions for your Magento 2 Store. Magento has few sets of recommended permissions which we have to apply.
a ) The owner must have full access to files.
b ) Web Server must have write permission on var, app/etc and pub directory.
c ) Execute permission of bin/magento.
To do this, go to your Application Management and click on Reset Permission under Application Settings.
Now just launch your website and click on Agree and Setup Magento.
Now just follow all these steps.
For database configuration, you can get all the details from Application Management under Acces Detail.
After a successful Magento 2 installation on your Cloudways server using composer, this is how your Magento 2 Frontend and Backend should look like.
Note: If you have installed Magento 2 using composer and want to configure Varnish on it, then follow this tutorial How To Setup Magento 2 With Varnish.
There you have it!
Your very own Magento 2 store is now ready for customizations! Add products and improvise according to the holiday season to reap the benefits that Cloudways Managed Magento hosting on Cloud has on offer!
Recommendation: I will recommend you to install Magento using 1-click installer as Cloudways offers 1-click installation for Magento 2. The installation is powered by a very high-performance stack that is further supported by cache technologies including Varnish and Redis.
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Fayyaz is a Magento Community Manager at Cloudways - A Managed Magento Hosting Platform. His objective is to learn & share about PHP & Magento Development in Community. Fayyaz is a food lover and enjoys driving. You can email him at email@example.com