Any online business owner is going to be concerned about performance. Luckily, the team at Magento regularly contributes the best solutions that benefit store owners within a fast-paced ecommerce ecosystem.
In fact, I’d call Magento a never-ending product, with a variety of ever-increasing operations. In that vein, this blog is meant to give some insight into Magento 2 cache operations.
So without further ado, let’s take a look at the Magento 2 cache.
- What is the Magento 2 Cache?
- Magento 2 Cache Types
- How to Enable/Disable Magento 2 Cache from Backend
- Magento 2 Enable Cache Using Command line
- Magento 2 Disable Cache Using Command Line
- How to Check Magento 2 Cache Status
- Recommended Cache Technologies for Magento Server
What is the Magento 2 Cache?
As you probably know, the cache is one of the easiest, quickest, and most effective ways to optimize website performance. Magento fulfills almost all the essential types of caches required for an ecommerce store. It allows the user to enable and disable caches through a single command line.
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Magento 2 Cache Types
The table below describes the various cache types that Magento supports.
|Configuration||config||This cache contains store-specific settings in the file system and database. Magento collects configuration from all the modules, merges it, and saves the merged result to the cache for better store performance.|
|Layout||layout||It helps clean or flush this cache type after modifying layout files.|
|Block HTML output||block_html||This cache cleans or flushes HTML page fragments per block type after modifying the view layer.|
|Collections data||collections/td>||This helps cache results of database queries. It cleans or flushes if your custom module uses logic that results in cache entries Magento cannot clean.|
|DDL||db_ddl||This cache is related to the Database schema. It cleans or flushes when you make custom changes to the database schema. One way to automatically update the database schema is by using the Magento setup:db-schema:upgrade command.|
|Compiled Config||compiled_config||Compilation configuration|
|Entity attribute value (EAV)||eav||Metadata related to EAV attributes (for example, store labels, links to related PHP code, attribute rendering, search settings, and so on). You should not typically need to clean or flush this cache type.|
|Page cache||full_page||Magento cleans up this cache automatically, but third-party developers can put any data in any segment of the cache. It cleans or flushes after modifying code levels affecting HTML output. It is recommended to keep this cache enabled.|
|Reflection||reflection||Removes a dependency between the WebAPI module and the Customer module.|
|Translations||translate||After merging translations from all modules, the merger cache will be cleaned.|
|Integration configuration||config_integration||It cleans or flushes this cache after changing or adding integrations.|
|Integration API configuration||config_integration_api||Compiled integration APIs configuration of the store’s integrations.|
|Web services configuration||config_webservice||It helps in caching the Web API Structure.|
|Customer Notification||customer_notification||Temporary notifications that appear in the user interface.|
How to Enable/Disable Magento 2 Cache from Backend
It is way simple to enable or disable Magento cache via the backend. All you need to do is log in to the Magento admin panel, and navigate to System > Cache, then Management under the Tools section.
On the first go, you will see a various number of cache types along with their description and status. Let’s say you want to enable/disable a cache type. Just check it and change the status. In the below image, I showed you how you can perform to Magento 2 disable cache.
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Magento 2 Enable Cache Using Command line
Similarly, you can also enable the Magento 2 cache using the command line. Here, I will use Cloudways SSH command line interface to enable cache types. Use the following command line template:
bin/magento cache:enable [type] ... [type]
Magento 2 Enable Cache for All Types
php bin/magento cache:enable
Magento 2 Enable Cache for Specific Type
php bin/magento cache:enable CACHE_TYPE
Example: Magento 2 Enable Cache
php bin/magento cache:enable layout
Magento 2 Disable Cache Using Command Line
Here’s the general command to disable Magento 2 cache:
bin/magento cache:disable [type] ... [type]
The following command will disable all cache types
php bin/magento cache:disable
If you are looking to disable a specific cache type, this is the command that you need to use.
php bin/magento cache:disable CACHE_TYPE
Example on Magento 2 disable cache:
php bin/magento cache:disable config
How to Check Magento 2 Cache Status
To view the status on Magento 2 cache status, enter the following command line.
And you will see a result like:
How to Clear Magento 2 Cache Using Command line
Use the following commands to flush and clear the Magento 2 cache:
php bin/magento cache:clean
The above command helps to flush the cache storage.
php bin/magento cache:flush
This command flushes the Magento 2 cache.
Recommended Cache Technologies for Magento Server
Magento recommends a couple of cache technologies to optimize store performance. When you look for a Magento store, ensure the hosting provider has these caches enabled with the Magento server.
Designed as an HTTP accelerator, Varnish enhances the performance of heavy content web applications like Magento. Therefore, the Varnish cache is part of the Cloudways hosting stack.
Memcached is an open-source distributed memory caching system. It reduces that load by storing data objects in dynamic memory – short-term memory for web applications. Memcache configuration is also an integrated part of the Cloudways hosting stack.
Redis CacheRedis is an open-source (BSD licensed) used as a database, cache, and message broker. It provides data structures such as strings, hashes, lists, sets, sorted sets with range queries, bitmaps, hyperlogs, geospatial indexes, and streams. You can install/uninstall the Redis cache via the Cloudways dashboard.
PHP OPCachePHP OPCache is also recommended by Magento officially. It compiles and caches PHP scripts to bytecode instead of compiling on every request. That’s how it improves overall application performance.
In short, you need to take care of these Magento cache and server technologies to experience faster store performance.
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Frequently Ask Questions
What is Magento 2 full-page cache?
Magento uses full-page caching on the server to quickly display category, product, and CMS pages. Full-page caching improves response time and reduces the loading on the server. Without caching, each page might need to run blocks of code and retrieve information from the database. With Cloudways, you can have Varnish as a full-page cache.
How many types of Magento Cache?
There are 12 types of Magento 2 Cache and all of them are effective in improving the speed, making your Store perform better.
How does Magento 2 cache work?
Magento collects configuration from all modules, merges it, and saves the merged result to the cache. This cache also contains store-specific settings stored in the file system and database. Clean or flush this cache type after modifying configuration files.
Where is Magento cache stored?
The Magento cached data is stored in files on a disk. You can find them on a server in the
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Ashmal is the Magento Community Manager at Cloudways. He loves helping out merchants and developers in establishing and maintaining online stores. In addition, he is often busy interacting with the Magento community and figuring out integration tactics for emerging tech. When not working, you could find him playing COD & CS GO. Feel free to contact him at [email protected]